A major report by the London School of Economics (LSE) and Lancet medical journal has called for a £102bn funding injection for the NHS and social care over the next 10 years.
The report calls for annually increases of at least 4% in NHS, social care and public health spending in real terms over the next decade.
To pay for this, the research proposes raising personal income tax, national insurance, and value-added tax (VAT) contributions by 1 British pence (1p) each by 2025-26, and increasing personal income tax and national insurance to 2p by 2030-31 in combination with rises to several other smaller taxes, including corporate and wealth taxes.
Additionally, the study calls for a £3.2bn one-off injection in social care spending combined with raising the social care means test threshold from £23,250 to £100,000 and introducing a £75,000 cap on care costs.
Co-chair of the LSE-Lancet Commission, Professor Alistair McGuire from LSE, said: “This report outlines an ambitious, long-term vision that looks beyond the election cycle. Our collective ambition should be as much about preventing ill-health and keeping people healthy as it is about treating people when they are sick.
“This means the NHS, social care and public health working in partnership with other public services, civil society and communities to improve the nation’s health, and deliver a health system that is prepared for future health shocks. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown us that health and national economic prosperity cannot be disentangled, and health must be a key area as we rebuild post-COVID.”
The report highlights the discharging of people with undiagnosed COVID-19 to care homes as an example of poor co-ordination between health and social over the past year.
It highlights there are around 200,000 staff vacancies in the NHS and social care in England, with one in 14 posts in social care unfilled.
A Department of Health and Social Care spokesperson said: “Our NHS has faced huge challenges over the past year due to COVID-19 and we continue to support our incredible health and care staff who have kept services open for thousands of patients.
“We have made £63bn available for health services over the last year and an additional £29bn next year, including new investment to address backlogs and tackle long waiting lists which have built up because of the pandemic.
“Improving the adult social care system, including promoting integrated care, remains a priority for this government and we will bring forward proposals later this year.
“The new UK Health Security Agency has been established to protect the country from future health threats and ensure the nation can respond to pandemics quickly and at greater scale. Alongside UKHSA, the new Office for Health Promotion will promote and drive better health at all levels of government and healthcare.”