One in four workers are leave the care workforce every year, according to figures published by Skills for Care 2017.
In its latest quarterly media briefing, Skills for Care said there are around 90,000 vacancies in the sector, or 6.6% of the total workforce.
Staff turnover stands at 27.8%, with 345,000 people leaving the sector every year.
The number of roles created in the sector between 2009 and 2016 rose by 19% (255,000). Independent sector jobs were up by 27% (260,000), with local authority jobs down by 37% (65,000).
Independent sector nursing care home roles rose by 24% (55,000).
The data shows care workers pay increased at a higher rate than in previous years following the introduction of the National Living Wage, with wages rising by 28p (3.8%) between 2015/16 and 2016/17, compared with an average of 12p per year between 2011/12 and 2015/16.
The majority (83%) of the adult social care workforce were British with 7% (95,000 jobs) being EU nationality and 10% (127,000 jobs) non-EU nationality.
Skills for Care said the proportion of the adult social care workforce with a British nationality has been consistent over the past five years (from 2012/13 to 2016/17), rising one percentage point over the period.
The proportion of EU (non-British) workers has risen two percentage points and non-EU workers have fallen four percentage points over the period.